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»  Gene Sharp


Books written: Waging Nonviolent Struggle, Gandhi as a Political Strategist; The Politics of Nonviolent Action Part 1: Power and Struggle, Part 2: The Methods of Nonviolent Action, Part 3: The Dynamics of Nonviolent Action; Social Power and Political Freedom. 


Gene Sharp is Senior Scholar at the Albert Einstein Institution in Boston, Massachusetts. From 1965 he held research appointments in Harvard University’s Center for International Affairs for nearly thirty years. He is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

Dr. Sharp has been called “the Clausewitz of nonviolent warfare” and “the Machiavelli of nonviolence.” He founded the Albert Einstein Institution in 1983 to promote research, policy studies, and education on the strategic uses of nonviolent struggle in the face of dictatorships, war, genocide, and oppression.

He holds the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in political theory from Oxford University (1968), and a Master of Arts in Sociology (1951) and a Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences (1949) from Ohio State University. He holds two honorary doctorates and has received other honors.

He lived for ten years in England and Norway. He did advanced studies at Oxford University and in Norway he held positions at the University of Oslo and the Institute for Social Research.

Dr. Sharp is the author of various books and many other publications on nonviolent struggle, power, political problems, liberation struggle, dictatorships, and defense policy. His writings have been published in 32 languages.

His books include The Politics of Nonviolent Action (1973; Introduction by Thomas C. Schelling), Making Europe Unconquerable (1985; Foreword by George F. Kennan), Civilian-Based Defense (1990), Social Power and Political Freedom (1980; Introduction by Senator Mark O. Hatfield), and Gandhi as a Political Strategist (1979 and 1999; Introduction by Coretta Scott King and Foreword by Frederico Mayor). Sharp’s The Power and Practice of Nonviolent Struggle (in Tibetan; 1999) carried a Foreword by the Dalai Lama. Waging Nonviolent Struggle, published in 2005, builds on 50 years of Sharps definitive academic research and practical experience aiding nonviolent struggles around the world.

His first book, Gandhi Wields the Weapon of Moral Power (1960), included a Foreword by Albert Einstein and an Introduction by Bharatan Kumarappa. Sharp is also co-editor of Resistance, Politics, and the American Struggle for Independence (1986) and of Nonviolent Action: A Research Guide (1997), as well as a contributor to several encyclopedias.

His recent shorter writings include “From Dictatorship to Democracy” (available in 12 languages; 1993, 2002, and 2003), “The Anti-Coup” (co-author; 2003), and “There Are Realistic Alternatives” (2003).

Dr. Sharp has prepared simplified presentations on the nature of nonviolent struggle and its applications against dictatorships and coups d’état. He has conducted workshops and consulted on strategic nonviolent struggle internationally in severe crisis situations.

He is convinced that pragmatic, strategically planned nonviolent struggle can be made highly effective for application in conflicts to lift oppression and as a substitute for violence.

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